This, That, These, Those are called demonstratives and they are used to show the relative distance between the speaker and the noun. Demonstrative PronounsWe use this (singular) and these (plural) to refer to something that is here / near. Examples:
This is my car. (singular)
These are our children. (plural)
We use that (singular) and those (plural) to refer to something that is there / far. Examples:
That is our house. (singular)
Those are my shoes. (plural)
Note that the verb changes (i.e. singular / plural) depending on the pronoun that you use. You can also use Demonstrative Pronouns by themselves:
Did you do that?
I'd like to buy these?
Which of those would you like?
Demonstrative AdjectivesYou can also use demonstratives before a noun. These are called demonstrative adjectives. The Demonstrative Adjective needs to agree (= be the same form) as the noun. Examples of demonstrative adjectives:
Just like the -ed ending, there are three ways of saying the plural “s” ending in English:
ExampleWhen we say the plural of two basic words in English:
the plural “s” is said in two different ways:
“cats” [kæts] with an [s].
“dogs” [dawgz] with a [z].
Questions with Where
10 Questions with “Where”To find a place or thing in an English speaking country use the word “where”: Here are 10 questions travelers ask: 1. Where is the phone? 2. Where is the bank? 3. Where is the washroom? (also called toilet, bathroom, ladies’ room, mens’ room) 4. Where is the Internet cafe? 5. Where can I get a taxi? 6. Where is the bus stop? 7. Where is the hotel? 8. Where is the doctor’s office? (hospital, walk-in-clinic) 9. Where is the shopping centre? 10. Where can I park? (put the car)